(1) A barrier built across a stream to impound and/or to raise the HEAD OF WATER for use in a mill. (2) A MILL POND in Yorkshire.
An iron or wood, 3- or 4-sided spindle, terminating in a fork, crutch, or nut head, which is fitted vertically over the RHYND of an underdriven millstone; employed to agitate the SHOE thus feeding grain to the eye of the stones. Known as an agitator in northern counties. Those with three sides are known as three-beat damsels; those with four as four-beat damsels.
A small mill consisting of a waisted stone on conical one, driven by a donkey walking round and round.
The imaginary circle around the eye of a MILLSTONE from which the FURROWS run tangentially. The draft circle is defined by the stone dresser before DRESSING, and determines the length of the furrows, which in turn affects the speed and quality of milling (along with TENTERING). Wooden templates can be used to mark the draft circle.
A windmill equipped for draining land with SCOOP WHEELS, ARCHIMEDEAN SCREW or PUMPS.
To clean and prepare the working edge of a cutler's or engineer's grindstone.
To separate bran and coarse particles from MEAL to produce white or some intermediate grades of flour.
See DRESS (flour).
noun The pattern of LANDS and FURROWS on the grinding face of MILLSTONES. Also known as the dress.
verb The process of preparing, restoring or sharpening the grinding faces of a MILLSTONE; carried out by a STONE DRESSER.
The part of a SACK HOIST where the chain is wound. Also known as a barrel.
The top floor of a TOWER or SMOCK mill beneath the cap which excludes dust & dirt from the mill. (May be replaced by a BIN FLOOR in some mills.)