(1) GRAIN: A slide sometimes used to control the flow of grain, from the SHOE to the stones or meal from a CHUTE, HOPPER to a bin or sack.
(2) WATER: A term used loosely for a SLUICE or PENSTOCK. See SLUICE.
A WHEEL from which project a number of COGS or TEETH for engagement with another gear wheel for transmitting motion or power from one SHAFT to another. see also SPUR WHEEL, WALLOWER, STONE NUT, BEVEL GEARS, MITRE WHEELS, TRAM WHEELS, TEETH and WHEEL.
A device for mounting a RUNNER STONE on its spindle allowing the stone to turn with its face parallel to that of the bedstone; it replaced the STIFF RHYND for most purposes, but was less popular than the BALANCE RHYND (prone to wear at the pivot points).
(1) A regulator, generally of the centrifugal type, which detects the speed of the machinery and, in corn mills, is commonly used to apply its output to automatically adjust the tentering of millstones for the purpose of maintaining a constant quality of product despite the changes of speed that might occur. A development of the CONICAL PENDULUM.
(2) Governors have been used to control the shutters and therefore the speed of the windmill sails, and similarly to control the water flow to and hence the speed of a waterwheel. They have also been applied to American windmills to control the angle of the blades, or power from steam engines.
(1) Used for grinding CALCINED FLINT. An open top shallow pan, with a CHERT-lined bottom. Flint is ground by lumps of chert being pushed round the pan in water by the SWEEP ARMS. Different grades of ground flint are obtained by settlement through water.
(2) A cast-iron housing for EDGE RUNNER (found in some flint and gunpowder mills).
(1) Material ground in the mill; latterly applied principally to animal feeding stuffs.
(2) Term applied in roller flour milling for a mixture of same or different GRAINS. See BLENDING.
(3) To dress millstones (Scot.).
An iron assembly forming the BEARING for a wooden shaft and connecting the pintle to the shaft. The JOURNAL is often provided with wings to secure it to the end of a wooden SHAFT. See CROSS TAILED GUDGEON. Metal pivot let into end of a beam on which a wheel turns