A form of grinding machine which uses rotating hammers to break up the grain.
That section of the mill stream above the wheel; usually an artificial channel. also known as MILL RACE, LEAT or GOIT.
A TEXTILE MILL in which hemp is prepared and spun into rope or yarn for stout fabrics.
An open wooden funnel-like container holding grain prior to its discharge to the stones via the shoe. See also SPATTLE.
A mill driven by a horizontal waterwheel in which paddles are secured to the lower end of an upright shaft and which drives a runner stone directly above it without any gearing. It is usually driven by a jet of water from an orifice or steeply-sloping trough. There is a considerable variation of detailed design. It can have a number of features, among which are See TIRL. See TUB WHEEL. See also NORSE MILL, GREEK MILL, CLICK MILL and SALTKVARN (Scandinavian).
A windmill powered by vanes or sails mounted on a vertical shaft which may be within a cylindrical tower or a louvred body.
A method of harnessing the power of a horse for milling or driving other machinery. One or more horses or donkeys walking round a circular track and harnessed so as to turn a large toothed wheel, either in the same plane or above, which turnes smaller wheels to operate machinery.
Heavy timber or iron framework supporting MILLSTONES at floor or shoulder level, & enclosing the main gearing in the water or windmill. Sometimes independent of the main structure of the mill especially in America.