A chain or rope mechanism for hoisting sacks at or within a mill. In a CORN MILL, usually for taking GRAIN up to the BIN FLOOR.
see COMMON SAILS.
(1) The wooden framework of a COMMON SAIL which supports the SAIL CLOTH. (2) The SAIL framework which supports the SHUTTERS.
The revolving arms of a WINDMILL which are secured to the forward end of the WINDSHAFT, and are turned by wind to provide the power to drive the machinery. See COMMON, SPRING and PATENT SAILS, ROLLER REEFING, HORIZONTAL MILL and JIB SAILS. Known as SWEEPS in Kent & Sussex.
A wind or water mill which is used to drive saws and perhaps other woodworking machinery.
An inclined tapering wooden trough fed with grain from the HOPPER, vibrated by the DAMSEL or QUANT to cause grain to enter evenly into the eye of the stone. See also GATE (1).
(1) Independent ring of rollers between the CURB and the CAP CIRCLE of a SMOCK or TOWER MILL. see CURB, SHOT SHOULDER YOKE. (2) Two bars projecting downwards from near the end of a TAIL POLE against which the miller sets his shoulders when WINDING the mill.
(1) The pivoted or hinged vanes in spring or patent sails. See also VANES & SHADES. (2) A boarded removable or hinged cover which covers the opening in a wall of a mill, to admit light and/or ventilation. Sometimes used instead of windows.
A MILLSTONE dress having FURROWS of varying curvature.
A TEXTILE MILL in which silk is prepared and woven into cloth and like products or part of that process.
A mill constructed without any weather-boards cladding on the framework, usually a SMOCK MILL.
A gate to control the flow of water, by raising or lowering it. See PENSTOCK.
Mill with fixed body & movable cap, the tower of which is constructed of timber, covered with weather-boarding or thatch. named after the resemblance to a countryman's white linen smock.
A mill in which there is machinery for grinding tobacco leaves and other ingredients into fine powder, thus making snuff.
(1) The multi-armed coupling on the front end of the STRIKING ROD and is part of the STRIKING GEAR which connects the SHUTTERS of all the SAILS together. (2) The iron arms of a wooden waterwheel. (3) The iron centre of a wooden-rimmed brake wheel.
(1.) Mill fitted with JIB SAILS(1). (2) Diminutive hollow post mill, used for drainage work in Holland.
A TEXTILE MILL in which fibrous materials, e.g. cotton, wool, flax etc., are prepared and spun into threads.
Wooden, metal, plastic or cloth pipe feeding GRAIN or MEAL.
SAILS constructed with SHUTTERS which turn after the fashion of the slats in a venetian blind, linked to a spring, the tension of which can be set manually so that the shutters will open & close according to wind strength, in order to control the power produced. An early form of shuttered sail introduced in 1772. (devised by Andrew Miekle).
A MILL in which the machinery is or may be driven by a steam engine.
An alternative design to CALLIPERS, which serve the same purpose but are articulated.
(1.) A tapered spar passing through the POLL END to which a SAIL is fitted on each end, the WHIPS being bolted & strapped to it. (2.) see THRIFT. (3.) The spar carrying the VANE of a FANTAIL. (4.) Main shaft.
Man whose profession is to DRESS or sharpen the MILLSTONES.
A synonym for DRESSING (millstones).
The floor on which the MILLSTONES are situated.
The VAT, HORSE, SHOE and HOPPER.
Small cogged PINION mounted on the STONE SPINDLE or QUANT, which is driven by the GREAT SPUR WHEEL, or the Brake or TAIL WHEEL in a HEAD-AND-TAIL POST MILL. May be engaged to turn the runner stone. The final driven pinion to the runner stone. See also SLIP COG.
(1) The mechanism used with patent sails to apply pressure to the shutters, comprising a striking rod passing through the length of the windshaft, operated by an endless chain on which weights were hung to suit the force of the wind; a wind force greater than the effect of the weight would raise the latter & open the shutters. (2) Striking gear was also employed with roller reefing sails. see also BRIDLE IRONS, RACK AND PINION, ROCKING LEVER, REIN IRONS, SPIDER, SHUTTER BARS, SHUTTERS, STRIKING CHAIN, STRIKING ROD, STUMP IRONS, TRIANGLES.
A lightly-built iron-framed WATERWHEEL with spokes in tension, usually with a RIM DRIVE (cf. ARMS).
Explore other types of waterwheel in our Thematic Glossary.