City Mill, Winchester
The Winchester City Mill is a repaired water mill situated on the River Itchen in the centre of Winchester. The mill is now owned by the National Trust. It was first recorded, milling corn, in the Domesday Book of 1086. It is believed to be the oldest water mill in the country.
The mill was last rebuilt in 1744 and remained in use until the early 1900s.The artist JMW Turner sketched the Mill in 1795 when visiting the area as a young student of the Royal Academy; his image is the earliest known depiction of the building. The mill was then used as a laundry until 1928 when it was offered for sale. In order to prevent its demolition, a group of benefactors bought the mill and presented it to the National Trust. Sadly though almost all of the milling machinery had been taken out, leaving only a skeleton waterwheel. In 1932 the mill was leased to the Youth Hostels Association for use as a hostel.
Work began on the repair of the mill in the1980s. The undershot waterwheel was restored in 2005, following this machinery and gearing from was obtained from Durngate Mill which had been demolished.
On 12 March 2004, all was ready to begin flour milling once again after a gap in commercial production of some 90 years.
|Mill functions||Corn mill|
|NGR||SU 487 293|
Anthony Bryan, Mills Research Group Database